Read & Respond – Week 3

Just for a laugh, let’s start these readings off with a 1981 newscast about the Internet…

As you might suspect, this week we move from the present to the past. Understanding where the Internet came from can help us to consider where it is going.

You’ve all got a few posts now, and Briggs’ “advanced blogging” chapter offers a number of tips for where to go next. It might be a good idea to read this week’s links before Briggs in order to provide some historical context. These are meaty reference piece, so please SKIM unless you’ve got loads of spare time on your hands.

First, read “A Brief History of the Internet” from the Internet Society, taking particular note of the players involved in those early days. Then glance through these two timelines: How the Internet came to be, and Hobbes’ Internet Timeline (now up-to-date!), which is EXHAUSTIVE – use this as a reference.

Now, let your reading muscles relax and watch this video on just where the Internet came from:

Is the Internet something invented by an individual? Just where did it come from, and in what forms has it existed? How do its origins inform the things we use it for today (like protesting)?

Remember, your response (to these links AND to Briggs) is due as a comment to this post no later than noon on Monday, Sept. 2.

32 Responses to Read & Respond – Week 3

  1. frostedtsaar says:

    The whole idea of the internet has always amazed me. We often think of the internet as something that we’re connecting to – some other world of information that we, individually, plug in to. But it’s not like that. If every single computer in the world turned off except for two laptops connected to a server, there would still be an internet. But that internet of two would lose all of the information and connections that give the internet its other name: the World Wide Web.

    It’s certainly not something created by an individual. The internet is all about collaboration, even from the very beginning. We learned from the History of the Internet about the collaboration of the ARPANET, the RAND, the NPL and the CYCLADES, each holding and developing a fundamental piece of the internet we know today.

    That spirit of connection and the internet’s unique form of collaboration has resulted in the blogosphere which, as we learn from Briggs, is how journalists can realize the dream of getting fast, breaking news directly to an audience who is listening for a personal voice.

    John Cook’s section in the reading struck me, as he writes on how the “great thing about a blog” is that it is ”journalism at its core.” A blog allows us as journalist to really write about what we are passionate about and get immediate feedback in a way only the internet can provide. That’s pretty exciting to me.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      Really nice – even poetic – observation about scale and the Internet. Two nodes are all that’s necessary to make communication “inter-” (although I wonder if that’s the minimum threshold for a “net”work).

  2. Both “A Brief History of the Internet” and the “Hobbes’ Internet Timeline,” make it very clear that the invention of the Internet was a collaborative team effort. In fact, “A Brief History of the Internet” is written by several people that were involved in the early development and the evolution of the Internet. That is still true today as the Internet continues to change and evolve every day.

    The Internet began as a networking tool— a way to connect people together to share knowledge, primarily academic knowledge. The Internet still functions as an academic knowledge tool today, but it’s much more; it was built that way. One of the key concepts mentioned in the brief history article was that the Internet was not designed for just one application, but as a general infrastructure on which new applications could be conceived such as the World Wide Web. The fact that new applications can be created has been essential to the evolution and success of the internet especially among personal, household computer users.

    By allowing new applications, the Internet has allowed people to create their own websites, social networking platforms to take off, etc. By allowing people to create a platform to speak their mind, people can share their ideals, knowledge, and ideas. This allows more networking and collaboration. It can create awareness for organizations, awareness of a topic, and allows people to speak out. It really allows people to exercise their first amendment rights. Since the Internet is such a fluid form of media, few rules can actually be enforced when it comes to online platforms and what is said.

    In the Briggs text, I was really intrigued by the Matt Thompson article. I will admit I didn’t realize the blog was one of the first information structures unique to the Internet. Many people, including myself consider blogging more of a newer technique to writing online, when really it’s been around for quite sometime. That being said, growing up I primarily used the Internet for academic reasons so I never really encountered many blogs. As I got older that obviously changed. The Briggs chapter really put some perspective on blogging for me, and how important and instrumental it can be in furthering your career, even as a reporter.

    I find the whole process of the invention of the Internet very cool because I grew up witnessing a lot of the evolution and technological changes. Although I was not yet born when the Internet was first thought about and placed into action, I do remember when Internet first became popular in every day households. I remember my first Mac computer. I remember the days of dial-up, and I’m sure my future children will think I’m ancient when I tell them I was around for that.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      Nicely detailed response. Isn’t that funny about the humble blog as being one of the first internet-only forms of communication? We are very eager to call innovations the next big thing, yet it’s only with the test of time that we can look back and fairly say “Yes, this was something significant.”

  3. ebuchman5 says:

    It is clear that the internet was a collaborative effort from a group of people that spanned over several years. Both the “Brief History of the Internet” and “Hobbes’ Internet Timeline 10.2” discuss in lengthy detail the start of the internet, which grew from one experimental computer network in 1965, to the World Wide Web, which most of us use every single day.

    As read in these articles, it is said that the main purpose of the internet upon its creation was to have an interconnected set of computers that everyone could access data from and use for different programs and networking all around the globe. Around this same time frame, the Department of Defense caught on to this concept and created MFENet for their researchers on Magnetic Fusion Energy. The early internet was also highly used for academic reasons, much like it is to this day. Within the academic world, the internet was very successful because it promoted publication, and from that, others were able to establish some new ideas and thoughts. In today’s society, we see this every day, because we’re constantly researching work done before us in order to come up with new ideas, theories, and thoughts.

    In the Briggs chapter, I was particularly struck by the subheading on page 40, ‘Blogs changed web publishing,’ because this idea loosely relates to my thesis topic. While I was little, I still remember September 11, 2001 vividly, but I had no idea blogs as popular as they were in the days following the attacks. From the research I’ve done, I know September 11th was kind of the turning point in terms of interactivity between the news and the people, but I honestly didn’t know that blogs played such a large part in this. This particular part of the chapter really sites 9/11 as the changing point in web publishing because even in the years following, the political world got hold of blogs too and used them to spell out differences between the Republicans and Democrats in the 2004 Presidential Election.

    After reading this, I can absolutely see why blogs have become so much more mainstream, and why their numbers have increased. What started as something more individualized (like to express feelings, concerns, sentiments after September 11th), blogs now turn into companies that provide reliable news, but also rely on the public at the same time. I do still strongly believe that in terms of mainstream news, blogs are very much still in the experimental stage, to see what works and what doesn’t. I do believe that news organizations can benefit greatly from both publishing and maintaining their own, to finding blogs maintained by outside sources, as a way to gauge public sentiment on issues arising in our country.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      What is your thesis topic? I’m glad to hear the readings are of use for that purpose. What’s interesting about the 9/11 example to me is that it both supports and rejects the argument of Technological Determinism (briefly, that technology shapes development rather than the other way around). On the one hand, blogs changed communication; on the other, events changed what we WANTED from communication.

  4. Last year a professor in one of my classes mentioned that the students in my class were part of the last generation that would be able to remember a time when we (personally) didn’t have the Internet. That statement blew my mind. For me, those pre-historic times are a foggy memory. My parents purchased our first home computer as a gift for my eighth birthday (1998), and its main purpose for a while was for me to play Barbie games. I have a clear memory of dial-up Internet, because we had it until 2009. This week’s links, “A Brief History of the Internet” and “Hobbe’s Internet Timeline,” coupled with the videos made me feel a little out of touch. No matter how much we talk about it in every journalism class, I am amazed by how quickly the Internet came to dominate almost every aspect of the average person’s daily life—from socializing to banking to how we order our food. The rapid change our parents experience with personal computers we are not experiencing (at an even faster pace) with mobile technology.

    Reading these timelines made it very clear that the invention of the Internet was a joint accomplishment. Collaboration didn’t even come into the picture until agencies realized that other agencies in other countries were researching and developing similar systems. Lawrence Roberts of DARPA was presenting his plan for the ARPANET at a conference where he discovered that Donald Davis and Roger Scantlebury of the NPL (UK) were working on a packet switching network of their own.

    The Internet has rapidly evolved from a group of concepts and theories to two computers being linked together with the help of a telephone connection to the ability to communicate quickly and globally. While its original purpose was to connect people in order for them to share academic information, the Internet has grown into a commercializing tool used by every major business in the world. The Internet’s success is due to the fact that it was created as an infrastructure that anticipated new applications. Because it was not created to be a purely academic source with no other conceivable functions, it was able to grow and evolve.

    The origins of the Internet help inform our daily lives. I think this is due to the sense of freedom the Internet instills. We can choose which Youtube videos to watch, we can deposit a check into our bank account by taking a picture of it on a mobile phone, connect with people across the globe via Twitter, and even create a fake persona if we are so inclined.

    Briggs’ elaborates on this in chapter two when he discusses how the information revolution of 1990 was really the first time that anyone and everyone could be a publisher. While we are still thinking of blogs, tweets and Facebook posts as “new journalism,” people have been creating their own websites and sharing their own information since 1990, which (according to Briggs) informed the subsequent information revolutions of 2001 and 2005. Blogs have changed web publishing and journalism for the permanent.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      Great detail! We’ll be telling our own Internet “origin stories” in class today, so that bit about the last generation to have experienced an internet-less world will be useful.

  5. ryanfadus says:

    Based on the readings it seems to me like the internet was created by a group of people. While they may have not been working in the same room together, all of the research and ideas they came up with intertwined at one point or another. Much of this occurred during the 1960s when many papers were published about the idea of sharing information across circuits. This was mentioned in the Brief History of the Internet article and it later goes on to explain how one individual connected one computer in Massachusetts with another in California using a telephone line. This lead to contracts being issued and papers being published in the years following this achievement as mentioned in Hobbes’ timeline article.

    Without all these people working on different parts to help create the internet then who knows where we would be today. As the years went on and the technology became better, the framers of the internet were able to accomplish more. As shown in Hobbes’ timeline by the mid 1980s to the 1990s was when the internet began to finally takeoff and started to become popular with the public. In a way the internet came from ideas of a group of people who wanted to make file sharing and other ways of finding information easier. The internet existed just as an idea at first, and then it translated over to reports, before the researchers began experimenting in order to connect multiple computers together.

    In the Briggs’ reading I thought it was really interesting how blogging was one of the original ideas of the internet in a way. Briggs explained how when the internet first started to become popular everyone was setting up a website in order to post information. So in a way bloggers were the first people to use the internet in order to spread information to everyone else who had the internet at the time.

    With blogging being one of the first tools to spread information it was only a matter of time before people for certain organizations began setting up websites in order to provide the public with information on their organization. Not only could they give a better insight into what they are about, but they could also setup meetings or events that people could attend to support their cause. Sometimes websites would also be setup so people could their thoughts or ideas on a topic. Briggs mentioned how after 9/11 blogs were setup so people could voice their responses, thoughts and prayers. So even when the internet was still in its early years, it was being used to get people’s opinions on current events.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      Bloggers were spreading information, but the other thing that set them apart was the two-way nature of that communication – we could talk back to the talkers in a way we never could before.

  6. iamoore says:

    The internet cannot be linked to one creator but instead must be attributed to the combined efforts of many different groups. While many individuals made great advancements in the field, alone they did not lead to what would one day become the world wide web. According to the brief history of the internet piece and video the internet was being researched and experimented with by many different groups from all over the world

    thiings like DARPA RAND, NPL, and Cyclade were all working on the idea of the inter-connectivity of computers but all were taking different paths that led to their own individual successes.One of these successes came when Cyclade relied on connecting networks because their budget was not as large as some of the others like DARPA. This is what eventually led to the term, internet.

    From the early days the internet was a complex process that took some of the greatest scientific minds to operate.During this time it would have been an impossibility for the internet to be as widely used as it is now because it was nowhere near as user friendly.This can be seen in the news story about the possibility of reading your morning paper on your computer. This looked like a long involved process that at the time rarely anyone in the public would be able to figure out. It involved people dialing their telephones and connecting to their computer in order to gain the ability to read news after waiting as long as two hours for the whole text to appear.

    I found this to be excellent prove of how much the internet has advanced. I also agree with the Internet Society article that says the internet is not done evolving and changing, and that this fact will allow journalism to continue to expand its online presence.

    A good example of how the advancement of the internet has helped the world and the field of journalism is the invention of blogs. Briggs said that September 11th proved how blogs could be effective at making journalism interactive. This is extremely important to the the field of journalism because it allows readers to no longer feel like passive consumers of the news but interact with the information they are receiving. All of this makes me agree with the point that Briggs made about the simplicity, immediacy, and interactivity of blogs are something that is good for journalism.

    After learning the history of the internet and thinking about how it is used, now I believe that it serves the same purpose it was originally intended to. Originally the internet was an idea to defend our country and ourselves from global threats. I believe that the internet still serves this purpose. Now people can defend their interests by gaining the news instantly so they can become informed citizens who, with the knowledge, cannot b taken advantage of by a corrupt government. In this sense people throughout the world, in places like Egypt, have used the internet to protect themselves from their government and to fight for a cause they believed in.

  7. cricha18 says:

    I find it very fascinating that an individual didn’t create the Internet in a single moment. Rather the Internet was created through continuous years of research and development (it even continues today) and through many people who challenged the limits of the processing power with computers at the time to lay the foundation of what the Internet is today. I thought it was interesting how the four major networks at the time (ARPANET, CYCLADES, NPL and RAND) all contributed to building the framework of the Internet. From the 1960’s onward each group brought something new to the table. These things included expanding the network, the amount of data that could be transferred and received as well as the structure of the network.

    There were two things discussed in the online readings and the video that stuck with me. First, the amount of information that could be transferred and received when sending files. The video talked about how one file had to be sent in multiple parts in order for the computer receiving it to process the information. Imagine someone emailing a song to you but you can only listen to about one-third of it because that’s all the computer could process at the time. That would be weird right? Well that’s how it was in the earlier years of the Internet, so we’ve really come a long way.

    Secondly, even in the earlier days people believed the Internet should be free of any control from some larger governing body. What does this mean? People should be able to use the Internet and create networks however they see fit. This idea, in my opinion, is the single most important aspect of the Internet that will continuously drive it to new levels. People today can feel free to do whatever they want when using the Internet, as long as it remains legal. This idea was deemed important even over 50 years ago when the Internet was still in its infancy stages, and today we still benefit greatly from this.

    After reading the Briggs text about blogging I was surprised by some of the things that were discussed. I’ve never viewed blogging as a core element to journalism, but Briggs explains how blogging is an effective way for reporters to connect with their readers on a multitude of stories. I’ve always thought of blogging as a supplement to reporting or to journalism in general, I didn’t view it as a core element beforehand. I also did not know that blogging made its debut in 1999. Blogging is a tool that has only recently been used in regards to the media but I’ve always thought it was something conceived in the mid to late 2000’s. It is interesting to find out how such a powerful tool was used earlier and how it differs from today.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      The issue of control you identify is such a powerful illustration of how the internet differs from the other major forms of mass communication. You write “even in the earlier days people believed the Internet should be free of any control from some larger governing body.” Unlike newspapers and TV, the Internet was born in a world with an existing mass media context; we already KNEW mass media was powerful, and that knowledge informed its earlier stages of development. You go on to ask “What does this mean?” and we’ll be discussing this: What does freedom from control mean to us, and whose control do we seek to keep it free of?

  8. karleapack says:

    My first thought after reading our questions for this week was that I had absolutely no clue as to where the internet had come from—I didn’t even know when its idea was even thought of. What I did know, or at least assumed, is that there was absolutely no way that such a huge part of our daily lives was created years ago by one single human being. The internet was created by a group of individuals, all contributing to certain areas and factors that built and sustained this innovation.

    From the “History of the Internet” and the timeline, we learned that there were many parts involved in the creation of the internet. Many developers participated, spending an immense amount of time and energy, often getting frustrated with connection and programming problems. The ARPANET, RAND Corporation, CYCLADES and NPL were the scientific, military, and commercial aspects which were developed in separate parts of the world, yet blended together to become the foundation of the internet.

    Briggs points out that after the September 11 terrorist attacks, blogs become more popular and proved that interactive journalism could actually work. These original posts by authors would spark topics about the attack and give readers a chance to interact by sharing their personal thoughts. These continuing conversations helped to broaden coverage of the attack and helped the organizations establish a deeper relationship with each and ever reader or responder.

    Majority of people get their information from the internet, from news websites and others alike. Blogs are a big part of these websites and give different ways for readers to retrieve information from their favorite authors, which in turn helps them build their own ideas and thoughts used in, for example, protesting or even campaigning like Briggs hinted at in his book for the 2004 elections. Nowadays, campaigns, protests, and companies use social media platforms to their advantage.

    Thompson’s section in the Briggs reading was very intriguing to me. Twitter, Facebook, Pinterest, etc. were all built based upon the structure and idea of a blog, yet we think of blogging as a “separate practice”—so incredibly true. The internet has evolved into a staple aspect for a person’s day-to-day life without us even realizing. I’m not sure if users truly understand how much we take the speed and innovations made every year for granted. After learning how the internet was developed, I definitely know that I take it for granted and will appreciate that journalism is so closely knit with blogging.

  9. ryanglaspell says:

    Both of the readings really left me thinking about how both the internet and blogs are based on the idea of two way communication/data exchange and expansion. The timelines and history of the internet links revealed to me how the internet stemmed from a specific need by one group of people (ARPA). Once the idea of making info more accessible and less centralized was made tangible by DARPA, it seems like the floodgates began to open.

    Different companies and groups saw the use of this new wave of data exchange, and improvements spouted left and right. The ways that the information was broken up, sent and received seemed to constantly be modified. It was interesting to me to see how something initially created for a means of securing military information in response to Sputnik rapidly evolved into something much larger scale. The larger scale incorporates (as now seen) not only private interests, but an open, public format that is efficient and attractive to just about everyone. Also, many, many, many acronyms were formed, as discovered via the online readings.

    The Briggs reading provided really useful tips on blogging. The element that stuck out to me the most though, as aforementioned, was the rapid expansion of successful. He mentions how TechCrunch, paidContent and TreeHugger, “…all started as one-person blogs but evolved into compaines with dozens of employees.” It’s almost as if bloggers are potentially more than journalists. They are like an inadvertent media-centered entrepreneur. What starts off as a personal stream of posts pertaining to a certain topic can easily progress into a large, staffed blog. The example of Tracy Record and the West Seattle Blog showed this well.

    That segues into Briggs tips about how to actually create a potentially successful blog. He gave a lot of easily applicable tips. Apart from stuff like “include links” “use photos” and “post often”, I really liked the idea of making blogging a scheduled habit. Instead of trying to crank out posts in the middle of the night amid all of my other work, I should set aside a specific time that I am clear minded and alert and motivated to write. Sunday nights are not such times. Taking an hour or two in the morning to sip on some coffee and peacefully typing posts seems much more doable than procrastinating until the point of, “Oh man, I haven’t posted in three days. I NEED something to post.”

    • aaaaaargh says:

      You’re nailing the point of scheduling your blogging. Far from making it more difficult (“Ugh, another deadline to keep track of…”), you’re keeping it on your terms. If you REALLY do your best work at 2 a.m., then go ahead and write it then – just don’t publish until the next day. A way in might be to start with one scheduled deadline (e.g., Sunday morning) and keeping a later slot open for breaking stories. That way you’re developing two sets of blogging muscles.

  10. kevinmduvall says:

    The Internet has always been a collaborative effort. Not only did multiple systems (ARPANET, RAND, NPL and Cyclades) contribute to the development of the Internet, but it took many different people to develop the theories that informed the development of the Internet (such as packet-switching) and to carry out the plans for the networks that eventually became the Internet.

    While the Internet has existed in different forms (military, commercial, and scientific, as the “History of the Internet” video points out), its forms generally share common themes. For instance, the “Brief History of the Internet” article mentions database storage and diffusion of information, for two examples.

    The military incarnation of the Internet was basically for data storage. Military personnel needed access to the same information, and networking computers was an effective way to send that information. Today’s Internet is used for far more than just communication between military officers, but its function as a database remains one of its key aspects. The 1981 news report is an example, as the people featured had created a database to store different newspapers. Storage has evolved tremendous since then, but people are still using the Internet to archive news content.

    Blogging fits in with the idea of disseminating information. Briggs discusses the immediacy and interactivity of blogs, which have had a huge influence on the way journalism has developed in the last 15 years. Blogs are as important as major news sites for breaking news, and allow users to get more involved in the news process. Matt Thompson’s quote, “the stream is ultimately more important than the story” stuck with me. A single piece of information is not as important as a consistent flow of many pieces. Sending quick information piece by piece more effectively builds an audience, and that sense of connection ties into the ongoing Internet theme of collaboration.

  11. The creation of the internet was definitely a group effort–it could not have existed otherwise. It started in 1957 after the USSR launched the satellite Sputnik 1. As a response to that, the U.S. Department of Defense launched ARPA, or the Advanced Research Projects Agency. In 1958, the U.S. founded DARPA, or the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. This led to the ARPANET. Later, the RAND corporation created a military network, thus at this time the internet was only used for the military.
    This then expanded to commerce and science, including the National Physical Laboratory and Cyclades (which gave us the term inter-net.) Once they were all connected, the ISO, or International Organization for Standardization created the first manual to keep everything standard. Once everything was compatible and connected, the internet was truly born.
    So the internet was originally just meant for military, science and commerce. It has obviously expanded since then. As the video mentions, there is now online banking. We use it to communicate to friends, to upload photos, to do research projects, to watch the news and, sometimes, just to kill some time. This is vastly different from its beginnings. Understanding how it’s expanded to these groups can give us an idea of the internet’s role in the future. There have already been shifts to use only online banking. Blogs have increased the role of the journalist (and made it possible for anyone to be one.) One thing that I find interesting about the internet is how it stores old information. Maybe one day instead of going to a museum to research the past, people can just look up old web articles and posts.
    I really liked the chapter two reading for this week. (It was an easier read than the acronym-heavy articles.) There are a lot of valuable tips in it. One that stuck in my mind is the idea of keeping the conversation going. A blog is a great way to really information, but it is also a really great way to gather information. The focus really should be on two-way communication–making sure the reader is satisfied and any questions, concerns or comments they have are being addressed. I also liked the mini-dictionary for blog terms. That will definitely come in handy. Most importantly though, I liked the part on building your audience (the most important part!) including tips such as keep the reader in mind and put them first, don’t beat around the bush, be specific and direct and take the time to like and comment on others’ blogs.
    One thing that struck me about these articles and the reading is how fast this has all changed. This has all happened in my dad’s lifetime. Before this, my grandfather was using basic technology as an engineer in WWII. As far as history goes, that’s an incredibly short amount of time. The people and groups that were creating this new technology were few and far between. These were the technical geniuses of their time. I’ll be interested to see where technology takes us from here, once we’re past the ages of reluctant old people and when everyone knows at least a little bit about the internet.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      There ARE a lot of acronyms in there, aren’t there. I suppose it’s a consequence of working with geeks. Still, it gives you an in-group language, right? Those points about building your audience are going to be the bedrock of our coming assignments – you’ll be rebuilding your brain to think of your blog as a member of the community rather than a single destination.

  12. I don’t think the idea for the internet came from seeing the power of our computing technology. Rather, the internet is a technological extension of a millennia-old academic pursuit: to store all the world’s data in a place that makes it accessible by all the world’s people. Look at all the energy and resources used on the Library of Alexandria or the Library of Congress. If libraries, due to their roles as banks of human-recorded data, count in our pursuit, then the idea of the internet goes as far back as the archive at Hattusa, at least.
    It seems that in his memos at MIT, Leonard Kleinrock was hinting at this grand notion of widely accessible data.
    But the internet isn’t just about data, it’s also about communication. The internet has opened lines of communication in a way more comprehensive than history has ever seen. All the carrier pidgeons and pony riders of our past were part of another basic academic desire: to communicate regardless of distance.
    Blogs are part of this phenomenon. The idea of a “forum” on the internet was inspired by the apex of Western philosophy, so much so the name was used.
    As we build our blogs, it would be prudent to remember that in publishing and discussing our opinions and arguments, we are contributing to a vast databank of human knowledge, even if some blogs are less philosophically-inclined than others. I think that Brigg’s analysis of the internet blog scene after 9/11 is representative of the power blogs gave people to communicate and argue ideas. The journalist, who has for millennia been charged with telling the people information pertinent to them, has a new medium thanks to blogs.
    A question remains: can we better ourselves as a species thanks to this newfound mode of communication? I say yes – look at how the internet helped overthrow political regimes in the Arab Spring.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      Interesting parallel with libraries! We’re fundamentally categorizers (Things We Can Eat / Things We Can’t Eat / Things That Eat Us), and our brains can only hold so much. As social creatures, we spend a lot of time compiling and rating knowledge: From the Greeks’ concept of alethea (remembered truth) into today’s world of Truthiness (“felt” truth), we’ve been driven to keep track of what we know and what’s worth knowing. One might even make a link to the current popularity of Buzzfeed-type listicles – there’s something appealing about the argument that we have all the varieties of a thing plotted out.

  13. The internet as we know it today has evolved and grown since the 1950s due to the collaboration of a large number of people and organizations such as the United States Department of Defense.

    The internet was originally used almost solely for military purposes. Eventually, technology moved into the scientific and commercial fields, and only grew from there.

    Today, people use the internet in a variety of ways. We use it for basic needs as it was used in the beginning, and we use it in relatively new ways, such as social media. One of the most important qualities about the internet, in my opinion, is the fact that it gives everyone a voice. We can create free blogs and discuss topics that are important to us, and we can see what other people have to say about those topics. The internet has taken one of the most basic human necessities, communication, and expanded it to unthinkable amounts.

    Blogs are a great way to get your voice out there for many to read and to interact with other writers. I appreciated chapter two in Briggs because it answered many questions that I’ve had about blogs. It also gave great advice on how to improve my blogging skills.

    I like how Briggs says, “The more experimentation, the greater likelihood of success.” This gave me hope that my blog will become better and better. Additionally, the writer also provided important resources for new bloggers. Because we have to read blogs to write effective blogs, Briggs provided websites and other ways to find good blogs on topics that interest us. I also appreciated the fact that he provided us with websites for images that are freely shared by owners. By using this website, we will be able to add images to our blogs without worrying about matters of disrespect toward other bloggers.

  14. The internet has always been a collaborative concept that has, over the years, expanded by merging ideas and intellect. Both the timelines you provided by Hobbes and Kristula elaborate on exactly what was going on each year this concept was around until it has grown into what we know commonly as “the internet”. I think the birth of the internet is a good example of the purpose of the internet itself. DARPA (RAND), NPL and Cyclade are all examples. All of these corporations or networks came from different parts of the world, and all obtained ideas and concepts from one another, similarly what the internet’s purpose was to be. This purpose was to find a way to share information on a larger scale, faster and more efficiently.

    It began, originally, as a way for the US to establish its advance in technology applicable to the military after the Soviet Union launched its satellite, Sputnik. The internet has expanded much larger than what it began as. At first, the internet it was based off a packet switched network by Paul Baran. This is the breaking down of information so it travels in parts from one computer to the next. Later, email was invented by Ray Tomlinson of BNN, and they could now communicate with hosts running on the same network using the Network Control Protocol. As time went on, the internet began to expand through the use of using computers as simple data-travel hardware and then to where we are today.

    In Briggs’ text, he expands on the present and inevitable future of the blogging world. I think this is a perfect example of how our technology and the internet is continuing to grow. In this example, the expanding technology and internet has affected the way people obtain his or her news. Not only are news sources moving to a more web-based template, but individuals have access to report and write about whatever they see newsworthy. This can be related to technology like John Cook, local news like Tracy Record or a specific beat that the writer feels particularly passionate about or skilled in his or her reporting skills for the subject.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      Regarding Sputnik, isn’t it interesting how much of this early advancement was due to fear? Much like pulling an all-nighter, that perceived drop-dead moment when the Soviets had an eye in our skies seems to have driven a significant portion of our work to develop an information network.

  15. zvoreh says:

    Despite the popular held belief that Al Gore invented the internet the internet actually had many inventors whose ideas led to what we know as the internet today.
    The first incarnation of the internet was first created by a group of DARPA scientist in the late 1960’s under the name ARPANET, which was just one large data storage. The idea for ARPANET was to work in a similar fashion to a telephone switchboard, where multiple networks would lead to ARPANET and branch out to other locations.
    When the idea of open-architecture networking was introduced in 1972, this was the first step to our modern day internet. The introduction of open-architecture networking allows individually modifying their networks, kind of like individuals can create web pages today.
    It is quite interesting to see that a government funded project once made public has become both the most useful and one of the most dangerous tools. So much information is available over the internet for learning and self-improvement, but there are also quite a lot of options available that encourage anti-social behavior, and laziness. Perhaps that is just human nature; every tool we create will have its pros and its cons.
    Chapter two of Briggs offers a good amount of useful information; it tells a bit of history of the relationship between blogs and journalist as well as tips on how to improve your blog.
    I found the information on how to bring an audience to your blog most interesting. I feel that I will be able to put this information to good use especially tips on developing your own voice, and I found the “How’s this mom” tip on imagining your mother is reading your blog humorous.

  16. trentcu says:

    For something as expansive and complex as the internet, it’s no surprise to learn that its development and implementation were dependent on the input of a great multitude of individuals. Though it could be argued that the internet’s development was somewhat of a slow process, considering it took over 30 years for the internet to become commercially viable, its progression was also quite rapid from the perspective of where communication technology was prior to the internet’s infancy 50 years ago.

    The internet’s evolution is quite fascinating, largely because each major advancement in its capabilities seemed to be previously inconceivable by the masses. That was reflected in the youtube video of the 1981 where an aspect of the internet that we take for granted today (reading newspaper headlines online) was viewed in way that we in the present day may view the prospect of one day taking a vacation on the moon.

    Regarding Briggs’ material, what I took most from it was the emphasize placed on the need to not only generate a consistent blog audience, but an interactive one. It stands to reason that enabling two way communication on one’s blog can prompt a sense of community and connection within one’s audience that may not otherwise exist. An interactive dimension can also allow a blog’s author to monitor the pulse of his audience, providing him with ideas with which to adjust his content accordingly.

  17. acampb22 says:

    I have never fully understood how the internet worked and it has always fascinated me. It is no surprise that such an interconnected, complicated system was created by a collaboration of many people with the organizations ARPANET, RAND Corporation, CYCLADES, and NPL being the innovators in the Internet at the time. From the readings, I gathered that the Internet was originally developed for the purpose of storing and sharing data. An example of this came from the video of a 1981 news report about the storage of newspapers on a computer database, the latest technological advancement of that time.

    The Brigg’s chapter describes the origin and importance of blogging in the interent and journalism world. When blogging developed it was another method for being to connect and share information. The 90s saw a boom in individuals creating their own websites just because they could. Then, when September 11th happened blogging was an effective method for people to share news, stories, and reactions to the terrorist attack. A successful blog, however, is dependent on an audience base and the blog must be capable of attracting a substantial audience. The growing popularity of blogs reflects the importance of journalism expanding on the Internet. I also think it is important for news providers to set themselves apart from the blogging self reporters on the interenet.

  18. dkrotz says:

    The history of the internet has always been interesting to me. I always knew that it started out as some function of the government and specifically in defense for our country, but I never knew that the original spark to develop it was the Soviet’s launch of Sputnik in 1957.

    The internet was definitely not just created by one individual. It was a collaborative effort but together by scientists around the world. Its fundamentals were created by DARPA in the United States, who created ARPANET, the RAND Corporation, the NPL in England and CYCLADES in France. The concept of the internet was developed as an information sharing network, which interests me because that’s still exactly what the internet is today, just in a much more advanced stage.

    As is shown in both the Hobbes Timeline and in “A Brief History of the Internet,” the internet took a while to actually be developed for personal use, and it wasn’t until 1972 when it truly evolved into the form which most closely resembles the internet as of today. As was shown in the video in 1981, the technology had become available for the internet to become available to every day people who had their own computer. However, as the person who works at the newspaper said, they don’t believe, at that time, that they will be making any money off of having their papers available on the internet. The news anchor also states that the newspaper industry is in no danger. Oh, how times change.

    From the Briggs reading, I was most interested by what John Cook, reporter for the Seattle Post-Intelligencer and now co-founder of GeekWire, discussed about blogging. He argues that have a blog for a news reporter represents, “journalism at its core” and that having a blog makes anyone who runs it correctly a more informative journalist. I also like the quote in the Briggs text which says that, “A blog is a simple form of communication that is now an essential part of the news organizations that once considered it controversial.” This quote made me think to the readings and videos about the history of the internet. Blogging, like the internet, started out as a form of communication that was not widely-used, and now has evolved today into an integral part of not just our daily news consumption, but into our every day lives.

  19. mikeymartinny says:

    That news package is great! It’s crazy to think how far we have come, with all technologies. It started out as almost a monopoly, with AOL and now you get Internet from your TV companies. It’s very crazy to sit back through our generation and see how the Internet and information on the Internet has changed. Now, ANYONE can make a site and “try to” make it credible, while 10-15 years ago, it seemed almost impossible.

    The articles we read were very informational but the second one, “The History of the Internet” was a much easier read. Putting it into a timeline can help show us exactly what had happened from 1957 to 2010. The “Brief History of the Internet” wasn’t so “brief” but I really enjoyed the “History of the Future” section because it showed from 1995 on, which is much more relatable to us. They used charts in the timeline and helped see it a bit better.

    Chapter 2 was a great read because it can make us better bloggers in just one chapter. I never knew that blogs were that popular starting in 2001, 12 years ago, because that seems like blogs have just has just started. I related to the top 10 blogs section because I use most of those blogs daily. After reading this chapter I went over to some of those top 10 blog sites and reconsidered changing formats on my blog to make sure it was as user friendly as those.

  20. aaaaaargh says:

    Glad you found these informative, but try to provide some more specific details in your responses. The structure of these timelines IS significant, but what about the content? Get more into concrete examples – for example, instead of noting that charts were used, what’s a chart that was particularly informative, and why?

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