Read & Respond week 3 – Origins of the Internet

You might want to read/watch this week’s links before delving into Briggs as they provide some historical context to what he’s talking about. First: A video clip!

History of the Internet

After viewing that, skim one or more of these links (they’re meaty, reference-heavy sources, so just get an overview):

Is the Internet something invented by an individual? What’s a specific surprising event you found in the timelines? Remember, your response (to these links AND to Briggs) is due as a comment to this post no later than 11:59 p.m. on Sunday, August 28.


15 Responses to Read & Respond week 3 – Origins of the Internet

  1. Ryan Decker says:

    I never realized how big microblogging was until I read chapter 2 of the textbook, but it makes sense. Telling a story in 140 characters is certainly not an easy task, but as many people – 313 million – are active on twitter it makes total sense as to why it has become so popular. Whether it’s microblogging a hard-hitting news story as it develops, or live tweeting a sporting event to give all of your followers up to the minute updates of what’s happening, the person tweeting/microblogging is creating a story in 140-character bursts.
    In the video “History of the Internet” it is said that military, commercial, and scientific (x2) are the four basic elements of the Internet, which makes a lot of sense when you think about it. Later in the video, it mentioned how the events leading up the Cuban Missile Crisis changed the way computers sent Internet signals to one another. Who knows how the Internet, among other things obviously, would’ve changed had JFK been unsuccessful in negotiating.
    One stat that I found a little startling in the Hobbes’ Internet Timeline was that WordPress powered 25% of websites. Another was that in 2013, Netflix and YouTube accounted for over 50% of Internet traffic measured by bytes.

  2. lmalexander1 says:

    When I think about the internet I still think of it as a recent development. But after reading Briggs and these articles, I realized just how early the internet came to be.

    Microblogging is such an important part of today’s internet. I never realized how much I relied on it until i read Briggs. Being from Cleveland but attending school in WV, I rely on live tweets during Cleveland sporting events to keep me updated on games that I can’t watch in WV.

    The history of the internet really surprised me, because I just didn’t realize how early the internet evolved. I grew up with internet, so I never really had a sense of life without it. The most surprising fact to me was that in 1994 the internet celebrated its 25th Anniversary according to Hobbes’ Internet Timeline. In the year that I was born, the internet had already existed for 25 years. That’s crazy to me.

    I do believe the internet is something invented by an individual, in a sense. Every individual on the internet makes it what it is. The internet may be run by computers but is a creation of individuals as a whole and their thoughts and words.

  3. Alexa Ciattarelli – R&RW3

    As stated in Chapter 1 in of Journalism Next, by Mark Briggs, “the web is simply a way to send and receive digital information”.

    While the Internet has improved immensely over the years, it was invented with that exact idea, stated by Briggs, in mind – and many people worked together to develop that idea.

    Leonard Kleinrock worked on the “first paper on packet switching theory”. His idea was centered around improving network communication and making it more feasible by using packets rather than circuits.

    J.C.R. Licklider was the first to draft how social interactions could work on the Internet. He called it the “Galactic Network”.

    Ray Tomlinson invented an email program that allowed people to send messages across a network.

    And while may other people contributed to the development of the Internet, many believe Robert E. Kahn and Vinton G. Cerf made the groundwork. Together, they created and presented the most basic Internet platform.

    Since Kahn and Cerf’s starting ideas on the Internet, there have been many improvements over the years. To start, the Internet now performs by using hypertext transfer protocol, also known as HTTP. This allows users to access information through the network.

    Another component used in the Internet is a cache. When a browser retrieves a web page and presents it to a user, the browser makes a copy of several components found on that web page. Those copies are saved to a cache.

    While there has been an abundant amount of improvements to the networking world over the years, those are just a few examples.

    I was surprised to read about how the Internet came to be. Not that I expected it to be an easy process, but the articles indicate how much time and dedication went into making the foundation of what we now rely upon every single day.

    What I was surprised to see was that not a single woman was involved in the process of developing the internet. Women have been earning the bachelor and PhD degrees since the late 1800’s, so why was one not involved?

    As stated in the timeline, the first woman somewhat involved in Internet production was Queen Elizabeth II. In 1976, the Queen sent out an email.

    I hope that for the next big invention, more women show their academic capabilities, and contribute to the development of something BIG!

  4. michalalynn says:

    When I think of microblogging I never thought about sites like twitter or Tumblr but now knowing that they’re considered microblogging websites they make even more sense. The biggest lesson I took out of the Briggs reading was the fact that through blogging you become your own publisher. You decide how often and what content to publish. This is an important realization because it’s up to you as the writer and the publisher to draw in a crowd of readers. I loved how he discussed that twitter needs to be used as a personal source and not just an RSS feed of your headlines and links. Breaking news twitters are great but they don’t encourage community interaction. Thinking of Tumblr as a microblogging website sheds a new light onto its format of reblogging others content as opposed to creating your own.

    My favorite snippet from The Brief History of The Internet is, “One should not conclude that the Internet has now finished changing. The Internet, although a network in name and geography, is a creature of the computer, not the traditional network of the telephone or television industry. It will, indeed it must, continue to change and evolve at the speed of the computer industry if it is to remain relevant.”. This quote is important because it’s true that while the internet is an existing entity it must continue to grow with its users.

  5. As stated in Briggs, subscribing to a blog is essential in receiving communication that is relevant to a person’s interests. Adding feeds to your Google Reader can organize and centralize all the information that you come across that interests a person.

    In the video, I was utterly confused and amazed. I have no conception of how the Internet works, and honestly after reading these links, Briggs work, and watching that video, I am still hopeless. I suppose my brain just doesn’t comprehend how we can send information into space and then it just lands on our smartphones.

    Sputnik 1 created the hype and threw America into a chaotic rush to beat Russia in technology advancement, mostly for warfare purposes. But with Sputnik came great innovation. Sending an unmanned satellite into space was great competition.

    In the video, the narrator illustrates how the information is sent to the receivers and how different associations and technological programs all put in effort to create the Internet. First there was the ARPANET, which introduced packet switching and became the foundation for the modern day Internet. This video does an excellent job of illustrating how computers became more useful and incredibly capable of researching and sharing information without doubling up on information that was already being shared.

    In one of the links it says, “The first e-mail program was created by Ray Tomlinson of BBN.” Now that is something pretty neat to put on your resume.

  6. carlyperez5 says:

    In Chapter 1 of Journalism Next Mark Briggs describes the Internet as “a network of connected computers that share information.”

    The Internets’ creation started in the year 1957. Developers worked on creating a remote connection to install into the computers so they could work directly on the computers. With this, the idea of time-sharing came up. Time-sharing was essentially using the processing power of one computer with multiple users.

    There are 4 networks that serve as the foundation of the modern Internet. The Arpanet was the first network developed then followed by the Rand, NPL, and Cyclades.

    There was an array of people who took part in the invention of the Internet, not just a single individual. For example, J.C.R. Licklider had an idea called the “Galactic Network”. This was the idea of a globally interconnected set of computers, which happened to be very much like the Internet today. Another contributor was a man named Leonard Kleinrock who published the first paper on the packet switching theory. Many more important developers helped bring the idea of the internet fully together.

    One surprising event I found on the timeline was that in 1996 they attempted to ban technology. Technology had already been around for the past 35 years. It confuses me that after one semi major problem they would try to shut down a huge program after all of the hard work and money they put in to create it.

  7. The Internet is a collaborative effort. From its inception until its daily use now, there have been so many important contributors. Right now were are in a shift in internet usage. A surprising event I found on the Hobbe’s internet timeline was in 2015 when Google searches from mobile devices surpassed those from desktops. This shows that things are becoming smaller and faster. This is a good way to transition to Briggs because the second chapter is about microblogging which is meant to be quick and precise. I thought it was insightful reading about John Cook who was a reporter for the Seattle Post Intelligencer before he founded his own blog. It showed that blogging is every bit as much of journalism as a newspaper. It turned out that the blog was harder work than what he was doing for the Seattle Intelligencer, which really shows the shift in internet journalism. We have really came a long way from the 50’s where computers could only process one task at a time.

  8. The Internet as we know it today is a collection and collaboration of different ideas and communities that have been building since the 50s. I was not well versed in the Internet’s history, so it was particularly interesting to me that the first ARPAnet, which was the beginnings of the Internet, plan came around as early as 1962. I’ve read science fiction books from that era that mentioned networks like the Internet and gadgets like the ones we have today and thought those were indicative of society’s imagination for the Internet, but those are abstract indications. I never realized the concrete beginnings took place then too. I think the section from Briggs about Pro-Am journalism was insightful, because it is a concept that seems to join citizen and professional journalism. When citizen journalism first started happening, I found it both exciting and scary as media professional hopeful. I think Pro-Am journalism is an interesting and possibly fruitful tool because as Briggs said, it gives consumers the chance to provide the what that journalists can’t always get to in the same amount of time, but still lets journalists give the why, which is what sets us a part.

  9. Carolina Lewis says:

    The Internet is not something invented by an individual as it took many people and their ideas to figure out how to perfect this complex system. One of the most interesting events from the Hobbes’ Internet Timeline was when in 2012 the song “Gangnam Style” reached one billion views on Youtube. This just goes to show how easy it is now to connect with one another, because of the Internet. Also the Internet has come a long way, because it used to be exclusive but now it has become a part of our everyday lives. Briggs then goes to explain why microblogging is so important, and again because it helps people stay aware of what is going on in the world.

  10. Jordan L Montgomery says:

    The internet’s initial concept may have been invented by one person, but it is definitely a collaboration of ideas and concepts that are pieced together to ultimately create an interactive interface with thousands of active parts. Without the collaboration of internet users all around the world, the internet wouldn’t be reaching its full potential.

    What I found most surprising about the history of the internet was the fact that the concept was initiated just over 50 years ago. at that time the internet was not meant to become the tool that it is today. Very few people understood it and it was merely a rough draft of a concept used by a very small percentage of the population as explained in the Brief History of the Internet source.

    I found it extremely interesting that every timeline outlining the internet’s history from the links provided, explained that the origin of the internet was closely tied to military purposes. It makes sense that such a large project would be originally launched by such a powerful population.

    As the internet continues to develop and grow, input and participation from more and more internet users becomes more and more important. As Briggs stated in Chapter 2, the internet is becoming more of an interactive interface. This input is building upon the foundation of the internet.

  11. smarino92 says:

    I find it kind of comical people are using the internet mostly for YouTube and Netflix purposes, you would think with all the knowledge at our fingertips we would be doing more constructive things with our time, haha, anyways. I think it’s crazy to look at the way we have progressed on the internet, I remember when I was a kid AIM was the cool think and now you would probably never find a single person who uses AOL instant messenger. I think we process things a little too quickly though, such as the concept of microblogging, yes, I get it, but is it selling people’s thoughts short, and are we perpetuating short attention spans and losing attention to details? It’s a lot to think about, the internet itself is a massive entity, in the next 20 years how much more advance can the ability the communicate become, and how will is disconnect people or maybe it will help connect them, who knows, but overall a great topic for discussion,

    • aaaaaargh says:

      There’s not really anything from the readings here (and no Briggs), so this response will only earn minimal credit. These can’t just be your thoughts – you need to specifically address the week’s readings.

  12. ostarabanova says:

    Sasha Tarabanova:
    The invention of the Internet was a long collaborative process. It took a lot of hard work, research and experimentation. It would be unfair to single out certain people or say that one person contributed more than the other.
    While reading Hobbes’ Internet Timeline, it was interesting to find out how some countries in 1996 (Germany, China, Singapore and others) would put restrictions on Internet use and make users register with police or not have access to some newsgroups. These restrictions contradicted with the whole idea of the Internet and flow of information.
    I also really liked how in 2010 Astronaut T.J. Creamer sent out the 1st tweet from Space.
    The idea of microblogging seems intriguing and challenging at the same time. It’s a nice way of networking and spreading of information. The hard part is to be able to be concise and be able to communicate a thought or even a news report using only 140 characters on Twitter. I wonder if the quality of information might suffer because of that, like not being able to include some important details simply because the space for writing is limited.

  13. kameronduncan says:

    As others have alluded to, it’s difficult to envision living in a time without the internet. The sheer amount of information, as well as the ways to connect with one another, at our fingertips is staggering. We live in a time where one can reasonably access mostly any relevant piece of history or information in a matter of moments, no matter where they may be or what device they happen to choose to use. The way many of us use the internet currently is vastly different from the initial designed purpose of the internet. While the first uses of the internet were centered around industrial purposes like the military and large scale scientific developments, the average person now uses it for things like video streaming and social media. This speaks to the general evolution of the invention and how uses of said invention can change over time.

    • aaaaaargh says:

      There’s no content from the readings here other than some general mention of its origins in the military. This kind of response won’t earn you credit.

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